Ecuador is a country located in South America, bordered by Colombia to the north, Peru to the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It has a population of around 17 million people and its official language is Spanish. Quito is the capital and largest city of Ecuador.
The country is known for its diverse culture, with influences from indigenous groups, Spanish colonizers, and African slaves. Ecuador's economy is primarily based on agriculture, fishing, and oil production, and it is also a major exporter of bananas, coffee, and cocoa.
Ecuador is also known for its biodiversity, as it is home to a wide variety of plant and animal species, including the Galápagos Islands, which are located off its coast and are a popular tourist destination. The Galápagos Islands are a UNESCO World Heritage site and are known for their unique and diverse wildlife, including giant tortoises and various species of birds and reptiles.
Ecuador has a unitary presidential constitutional republic form of government with a president as both head of state and head of government. The politics of Ecuador have been dominated by a series of centrist and left-wing political movements and parties since the 1940s.
Ecuador has a diverse geography, with the Andes mountain range running through the country and the Amazon rainforest in the east. The country also has a diverse climate, with the coast being tropical and the highlands being temperate.
Ecuador is a member of various international organizations, such as the United Nations, Union of South American Nations, and the Organization of American States.
|Total Area ||0 mi²|
|Ease of Doing Business Rank ||129|
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